miRNAs as novel therapeutic adjuvants and biomarkers for the prognosis and treatment of drug resistant breast cancers

Tech ID:
2013.005.HSCS
Description:

Researchers have identified a microRNA that can uniquely sensitize drug-resistant, triple-negative breast cancer to chemotherapy drugs such as paclitaxel, providing a novel and potent potential therapeutic approach with lower toxicity and reduced side effects.

 

Overivew

Disease-free survival is short-lived for women with triple-negative breast cancer — a form of the disease that doesn’t respond to hormone drugs and becomes resistant to chemotherapy.  Because drug resistance accounts for treatment failure in more than 90% of patients with metastatic breast cancer, overcoming mechanisms of resistance is crucial for the effective management of breast cancer, particularly once the disease has metastasized.

UT Health Science Center researchers have identified miRNA inhibitors that uniquely sensitize drug resistant triple negative breast cancers  to paclitaxel, a drug commonly used as a first line treatment for triple negative breast cancers. In addition, one candidate sensitizer miRNA has shown drastically reduced expression in several cancers and, when introduced systemically, acts as a potent tumor suppressor for several known tumor causing genes.

Using nanoparticle-based approaches, the researchers have shown that systemic delivery of the candidate sensitizer miRNA suppressed breast cancer lung metastasis without any hepatotoxicity in preclinical mouse tumor models. This microRNA has the potential to improve a patient's tolerance for treatment because, when it is delivered along with chemo, it conditions the tumor so that it responds to a much lower dose of the drug. Therefore, many side effects would be prevented.

More Information on Dr. Rao's reseach: http://www.uthscsa.edu/csb/faculty/rao.asp

News 4 San Antonio Story: http://tinyurl.com/manjeet-rao

Inventors: Manjeet K. Rao, Ph.D., J. Saadi Imam, Ph.D., Behyar Zoghi, MD, Ph.D., Yao-Fu-Channg, and Panneerdoss Subbarayalu
PCT Aplication Pending

STTM Case Number: 2013.005.HSCS
Licensing Contact: Christine Burke, Ph.D. (210) 562-4038,
burkec@uthscsa.edu

 

Patent Information:
Category(s):
Therapeutics
For Information, Contact:
Christine Burke
Senior Technology Licensing Associate
Ofc of Technology Transfer and Commercialization
210-562-4038
burkec@uthscsa.edu
Inventors:
Manjeet Rao
J. Saadi Imam
Behyar Zoghi
Yao-Fu-Chang
Panneerdoss Subbarayalu
Keywords: